POLITICAL SYSTEM OF BHUTAN
The political system of Bhutan has evolved over time together with its tradition and culture. It has developed from a fragmented and a disoriented rule of the different regions by local chieftains, lords and clans into the parliamentary democracy we have in place today.
The first move towards a systematic scheme of governance came in 1616 with the arrival of Zhabdrung Nawang Namgyal from Tibet. He introduced the dual system of governance with the Je Khenpo as the spiritual head of the nation and the Desis, as the head of the temporal aspects.
But a major breakthrough came about in 1907 when the people unanimously enthroned Ugyen Wangchuck as the first hereditary King of Bhutan. He was the man who had proven his mettle by banding together the different Dzongpons and Penlops (governors of the fortress), ending centuries of strife and bringing much-needed stability and peace to the country. Since then, the country has been ruled by successive monarchs of the Wangchuck dynasty.
In a move to ensure a more democratic governance of the country, the Third King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck instituted the National Assembly (Tshogdu) in 1953. Every gewog has an elected member representing it in the National assembly. It became a platform where the people’s representatives enacted laws and discussed issues of national importance.
The establishment of the Royal Advisory Council (Lodoe Tshogde) in 1963 as a link between the king, council of ministers and the people was another move towards democratization. It also advised the king and the council of ministers on important issues and ensured that projects were implemented successfully.
The institution of Dzongkhag Yargay Tshogdu (District Development Assembly) in 1981 and Gewog Yargay Tshogchung (County Development Assembly) in 1991 by the Fourth King Jigme Singye Wangchuck was another move towards decentralization.
But the devolution of the power of the King in 1998 to the cabinet ministers was the highest form of decentralization. The King, thereafter, began to serve as the Head of the State while the government was managed by the Prime Minister.
In November 2001, on the advice of the Fourth King, a committee chaired by the Chief Justice of Bhutan, was formed to draft the constitution of Bhutan. The constitution was launched in 2008 and with it, a parliamentary democracy introduced. The progression from Hereditary Monarchy to that of a Parliamentary Democracy has been a carefully managed process that culminated in 2008 when Bhutan held its first elections countrywide. The Druk Phunsum Tshogpa was mandated by the people to head the new government with a major victory with 45 elected members, Prime Minister Jigme Y Thinley steered the government with just two opposition members from the People’s Democratic Party in 2008.The term of DPT (Druk Phuensum Tshogpa) has ended and people have chosen PDP (People’s Democratic Party) on 13th July 2013 as the new government.Today Dasho Tshering Tobgay is the Prime Minister of the new government of Bhutan.
The organs of the Bhutanese government comprise of the Legislature, Judiciary, and the Executive. The ruling political party, the opposition and the National Council now forms the legislative body.
Bhutan naked festival at Jambay Lhakhang is located in Bumthang and is situated on the way to…
Start Date: 20th October 2021
End Date: 23rd October 2021
Destination: Jambay Lhakhang, Choekhor, Bumthang
One of the biggest festivals in the country is the Thimphu Tshechu. This Thimphu festival tour is held…
Start Date: 16th Sept 2021
End Date: 20th Sept 2021
Destination: Tashi Chhodzong, Thimphu
Punakha is located in the western part of Bhutan is the winter home of the Je Khenpo,…
Start Date: 09th February 2022
End Date: 11th February 2022
Destination: Punakha Dzong
The Paro Festival is held every spring and is one of the most colorful and significant events…
Start Date: 21st March, 2021
End Date: 23rd March, 2021
Destination: Rinpung Dzong, Paro